Throughout the world, at one time or another in history, agroforestry has been the common practice of using trees with agricultural crops in an intimate combination (King, 1987). Forty-six per cent of the world's agricultural land has more than 10 per cent tree cover and is concentrated in tropical and subtropical regions. Seventeen percent (one-sixth) of the world's agricultural area has more than 30 percent tree cover. Silvopastoral systems represent a land use modality where ecological and/or economic interactions coexist, both positive and negative, between tree, forage and livestock components, under sustainable management.
Silvopastoral systems require the management of their components in such a way that the trees, shrubs, fodder species, soil, as well as their use by the animals, last over time. The importance of fodder trees and shrubs is that in addition to producing tangible material goods (wood, fodder, ...) also, through the maintenance of a continuous vegetation cover, they contribute to animal welfare, bring verifiable benefits in animal production, the maintenance of fertility and biodiversity and sustainability over time. These systems are also an option for reversing grassland degradation processes by increasing physical soil protection and contributing to fertility recovery through the inclusion of nitrogen-fixing leguminous species and pivoting root trees that recycle nutrients through the depth they reach.
In order to share this knowledge and bring together actors from different parts of Latin America, the First Congress on Livestock Agroforestry was held in Cali (Colombia) in 1999. The event was convened by the CIPAV Foundation and FAO, and a network of experts in the field has emerged and continued to evolve. CATIE, as well as universities and research centres from several countries in the region, subsequently joined this initiative. The process since then has been continuous and successful; touring several Latin American countries: The second congress in San José (Costa Rica) in 2001; the third in Mérida (Mexico) in 2004; the fourth in Varadero (Cuba) in 2006; the fifth in Maracay (Venezuela) in 2008; the sixth in Panama City (Panama) in 2010; the seventh in Belén de Para (Brazil) in 2012, the eighth in Iguazú (Argentina) in 2015 and in its ninth edition, the International Congress Silvopastoril in Manizales (Colombia) in 2017.
In this opportunity, Paraguay will host the X International Congress of Silvopastoral Systems. It will be the second time that our latitudes have been reached and on the occasion of celebrating 20 years of continuous progress and tangible results for those who practice them and society as a whole.
The Congress aims to create a space through which new solutions can be debated for the challenges in the sustainable management of silvopastoral systems in implanted forests and in the management of forests with integrated livestock.
Here you will learn what strategies other countries use, what technological advances are being developed and implemented in the silvopastoral sector.
The event will be held at the Rural Association of Paraguay, the (ARP) is a private non-profit entity, which brings together agricultural producers from across the country. Its headquarters is located in the municipality of Mariano Roque Alonso on a 28-hectare site.
For more information about the congress, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Research and project results will be presented highlighting the positive contributions of sustainable livestock production with animal welfare (all domestic production species) to nature conservation, ecosystem services at global, regional or national scales, as well as ecological restoration.
This section will present a broad view of the different goods derived from the integration between livestock and forests such as meat, milk, wool, skins, wood, firewood, charcoal, fruits, fibers and non-timber forest products. Improvements in the quality that differentiates these products in international, national and local markets will be highlighted.
In addition to keynote presentations, there will be three symposia on specific topics of interest and important developments in current research.
Presentations will be selected that support in an integrated manner the benefits, costs and financial, economic, social and environmental balances of silvopastoral projects of private, public, mixed or international cooperation initiative that positively impact on the generation of welfare, wealth with equity.
This section will showcase works and initiatives in higher education, formal and informal education for producers and technicians in silvopastoral systems, as well as scale projects and silvopastoral exchange networks.
It will have a special panel with presentation of producers of all scales with sustainable silvopastoral livestock processes in different regions of Paraguay.
|Specialist||Institution or organization|
|Julian Chará||CIPAV. Cali, Colombia|
|Enrique Murgueitio||CIPAV. Cali, Colombia|
|Luis Colcombet||Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, INTA – Montecarlo. Misiones, Argentina.|
|Pablo Luis Peri||Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, INTA – Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz, Argentina.|
|Santiago Lacorte||UNNE. Misiones, Argentina|
|Hugo Fassola||Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, INTA – Montecarlo. Misiones, Argentina.|
|Rogerio Martins Mauricio||Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei. Minas Gerais, Brasil|
|Florencia Montagnini||Universidad de Yale. School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. New Haven. Estados Unidos.|
|Maura Díaz||Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Carrera de Ingeniería Forestal. San Lorenzo - Paraguay|
|Daniel Caballero||Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. San Lorenzo - Paraguay|
|Luis Alfonso Griffitt||Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. San Lorenzo - Paraguay|
|Laura Quevedo||Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Carrera de Ingeniería Forestal. San Lorenzo - Paraguay|
|Marta Alvarez||Instituto Forestal Nacional. San Lorenzo - Paraguay|
|Rosalia Goerzen||Cooperativa Fernheim Ltda. Chaco - Paraguay|
|Karim Mussalem||WWF. Asunción – Paraguay|
|Andrea Weiler||Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. San Lorenzo - Paraguay|
The event will take place in the city of Mariano Roque Alonso, 18 km from Asunción, capital of the Republic of Paraguay.
The city of Mariano Roque Alonso has a total of 103,759 inhabitants, of whom 51,569 are men and 52,190 are women.
It has a tropical climate, in most of the months of the year in Mariano Roque Alonso there are important precipitations. The average annual temperature is 23.2°C. There's about 1375 mm rainfall.
The X International Congress on Silvopastoral Systems will be held at the headquarters of the Rural Association of Paraguay (ARP), located in the municipality of Mariano Roque Alonso on a plot of land of 28 hectares (70 acres).
The ARP is a private, non-profit entity that brings together agricultural producers from all over the country. It was founded in 1885 with the name of Sociedad Ganadera del Paraguay. In 1938 it took the name it bears today.
The ARP is the only trade union that has represented and defended the interests of Paraguay and its livestock for 133 years. The "Rural", as the ARP is commonly known, seeks to make livestock production an instrument of Paraguayan development, with social responsibility and in harmony with the environment.